Before traveling to a foreign country, we highly recommend you to contact the Embassy of the state to which you are traveling to, and also the Embassies of the transit countries for receiving additional information in regards with local regulations(http://www.mae.ro/foreign-missions). Also, the special traveling conditions of destination countries can be received from the Romanian Diplomatic Representatives from abroad (http://www.mae.ro/travel-conditions).
General traveling conditions in member states of the European Union, Schengen Area and European Economic Area
Romanian citizens can travel to member states of the European Union, Schengen Area and European Economic Area, under the following conditions:
- at the border crossing, through customs which are opened for international traffic, they identify themselves with a valid ID card or passport (see the list of countries which allow crossing the border with ID card);
- are not subject to any cases of limitations regarding the right to travel abroad.
As citizens of a European Union member state, Romanian citizens benefit of a minimum check at border crossings, which is represented by a quick and immediate verification of the traveling documents, for the purpose of establishing identity. Border control is performed on the lane (lanes) specially assigned for EU and EEA citizens and, after checking, the Border Police does not apply an entrance / exit stamp on the traveling document.
Randomly or based on certain risk factors, the Border Police has the right to perform a more thorough / additional control over the individuals and vehicles / goods, in accordance with the Law.
If the requirements for leaving the country are not met, the Chief of the border crossing decides on stopping the travel.
Family members of Romanian citizens, who are not citizens of the European Union, are allowed to leave the territory of Romania by having a valid passport and entrance Visa, except for cases where the obligation for having a Visa is no longer required by the Law.
The family member who is not a citizen of the European Union, but holds a valid document which shows proof of residency within a member state (as family member of a E.U. citizen), has no obligation for obtaining a Visa.
In case of Romanian minors, leaving the country is performed based on the stipulations of Law 248/2005.
The R.B.P. recommends the observance of the period of stay in destination countries and prior query at the diplomatic representatives of these countries in Romania, regarding the particular entrance and staying conditions in each country.
List of member states of E.U., Schengen and E.E.A.:
The 28 member states of the European Union are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Ireland, Luxembourg, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Poland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary.
The 26 member states of the Schengen Area are: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Switzerland, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Norway, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Hungary.
List of countries which allow entrance based on ID card: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Croatia, Denmark, Switzerland, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Great Britain, Norway, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Hungary.
Legal period of stay
Romanian citizens – as citizens of a member state of the European Union – enjoy the community right of free movement.
In accordance to Directive 2004/38/EC regarding the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the member states (art. 6, par. 1), Romanians have „the right of residence on the territory of another member state for a period of up to three months, without any conditions or any formalities other than the requirement to hold a valid identity card or passport.” In case of a residency which exceeds three months, the individual has the obligation to regulate his/her status, in accordance with the regulations of the country where he/she is residing.
In member states of the Schengen Area, Romanian citizens have the legal right to reside for 90 days in any period of 6 months, based on the Code of Schengen Borders. Several trips can be made within this period, but the total residency period cannot exceed 90 days.
After the expiration of the 90 days, the Romanian citizen has the obligation to leave the Schengen Area.
- Individuals who have the legal right of free movement are citizens of the member states of the European Union and of the European Economic Area, and also their family members, regardless of their citizenship, who accompany them or join them;
- Citizen of the European Union – any person who has the citizenship of any member state of the European Union;
- Member state – member state of the European Union;
- Family member:
- husband or wife;
- direct descendants, regardless of their citizenship, who are under the age of 21 or are dependents of a citizen of the European Union and those of the spouse;
- dependents who are direct relatives in ascending line of a citizen of the European Union, regardless of their citizenship, and those of the spouse;
Residency right – the right of the European Union citizen to stay and live on the territory of Romania, in accordance with the Law;
Resident – citizen of the European Union or member of his/her family who is performing his/her right of free movement and residency on the territory of Romania, in accordance with the Law;
Dependent – any other family member, regardless of his/her citizenship, who is not a subject of the definition stipulated by point 4 and who, in his/her country of origin, is dependent or lives together with the citizen of the European Union or is under a situation in which, due to severe medical conditions, the personal assistance of the European Union citizen is needed;
Partner – person who cohabits with the citizen of the European Union, if the partnership is legally registered in the country of origin or, in case the partnership is not registered, can show proof of a cohabitation relationship.